Minecraft 的 Systemd 服务脚本

2019-07-03 1002点热度 0人点赞 0条评论

顺手搭建一个 Minecraft 服务,以前都是直接用脚本控制,现在我们完全可以用 systemd 来管理服务端。

Minecraft 安装前提要素

首先安装必备的 JAVA JDK

yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-headless screen

然后创建一个用户专门用于 minecraft 服务 注意 Minecraft 多服务器汇总文件夹路径为 /minecraft

useradd -s /usr/sbin/nologin -M -d /minecraft minecraft
mkdir /minecraft 
chown -R minecraft:minecraft /minecraft

相关的 Systemd 服务配置文件参考说明可以访问 [ 链接 ]

涉及 硬件资源控制设置 的 Systemd 说明可以参考文档 [ 链接 ]

涉及 关闭服务器信号 的 Systemd 说明可以参考文档 [ 链接 ]

Minecraft 的通用 Systemd 服务文件

创建通用服务文件 /etc/systemd/system/[email protected] 并输入以下内容。

注意 WorkingDirectory=/minecraft/%i 为你的 Minecraft 服务端文件夹路径,%i 对应进程名的变量。

Description=Minecraft Server %i

PrivateUsers=true # Users Database is not available for within the unit, only root and minecraft is available, everybody else is nobody
ProtectSystem=full # Read only mapping of /usr /boot and /etc
ProtectHome=true # /home, /root and /run/user seem to be empty from within the unit. It is recommended to enable this setting for all long-running services (in particular network-facing ones).
ProtectKernelTunables=true # /proc/sys, /sys, /proc/sysrq-trigger, /proc/latency_stats, /proc/acpi, /proc/timer_stats, /proc/fs and /proc/irq will be read-only within the unit. It is recommended to turn this on for most services.
# Implies MountFlags=slave
ProtectKernelModules=true # Block module system calls, also /usr/lib/modules. It is recommended to turn this on for most services that do not need special file systems or extra kernel modules to work
# Implies NoNewPrivileges=yes
ProtectControlGroups=true # It is hence recommended to turn this on for most services.
# Implies MountAPIVFS=yes

ExecStart=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/screen -DmS mc-%i /usr/bin/java -server -Xms512M -Xmx2048M -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:+CMSClassUnloadingEnabled -XX:ParallelGCThreads=2 -XX:MinHeapFreeRatio=5 -XX:MaxHeapFreeRatio=10 -jar $(ls -v | grep -i "minecraft_server.*jar" | head -n 1) nogui'

ExecReload=/usr/bin/screen -p 0 -S mc-%i -X eval 'stuff "reload"\\015'

ExecStop=/usr/bin/screen -p 0 -S mc-%i -X eval 'stuff "say SERVER SHUTTING DOWN. Saving map..."\\015'
ExecStop=/usr/bin/screen -p 0 -S mc-%i -X eval 'stuff "save-all"\\015'
ExecStop=/usr/bin/screen -p 0 -S mc-%i -X eval 'stuff "stop"\\015'
ExecStop=/bin/sleep 10



# HowTo
# Create a directory in /minecraft/XX where XX is a name like 'survival'
# Add minecraft_server.jar into dir with other conf files for minecraft server
# Enable/Start systemd service
#    systemctl enable [email protected]
#    systemctl start [email protected]
# To run multiple servers simply create a new dir structure and enable/start it
#    systemctl enable [email protected]
# systemctl start [email protected]

创建好后,你可以通过这个通用服务文件启动 Minecraft 服务。

例如你的服务端文件夹为 /minecraft/server 此时你的启动命令为

systemctl start [email protected]


systemctl enable [email protected]


/usr/bin/java -server -Xms512M -Xmx2048M -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:+CMSClassUnloadingEnabled -XX:ParallelGCThreads=2 -XX:MinHeapFreeRatio=5 -XX:MaxHeapFreeRatio=10 -jar minecraft_server.1.14.3.jar nogui

SRV 记录

Name: _minecraft._tcp.mc.yourdomain.com
Priority: 10
Weight: 10
Port: 25565
Address: forward.yourdomain.com


Have a good time